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Engineering is the practice of science, engineering science and technology concerned with the solution of problems of economic importance and those essential to the progress of society. Solutions are reliant on basic scientific, mathematical and engineering knowledge. Solutions rely on analysis and synthesis, underpinned by sound techno-economic analysis. Solutions must take into account the needs of society, sustainability and the protection of the physical environment. Engineering work requires management and communication, and must be conducted ethically and within the bounds of applicable legislation.
                                        
Engineering work is essential to both economic activity and to national development. Engineering work, while offering such benefits also involves health, safety, environmental, economic and sustainability risks that must be managed. Effective, safe and sustainable engineering work is founded on the competence and integrity of engineering professionals.
 
Engineering thus involves activities or contributions to activities that serve economic, social or human needs, including:
•    Designing materials, components, systems or processes;
•    Planning the capacity and location of infrastructure;
•    Investigating, advising and reporting on engineering problems;
•    Improvement of materials, components, systems or processes;
•    Managing or operating plant and processes;
•    Managing implementation or construction projects;
•    Implementing designs or solutions;
•    Research, development and commercialization of products, and
•    Education, training and development of engineering personnel.
 
Where effective persuit of these engineering activities is enabled by:
•    The performance of problem solving, analysis, synthesis, evaluation, communication, self-management, teamwork;
•    Application of specialist and fundamental engineering knowledge and technologies, underpinned by relevant fundamentals of basic science, engineering science and mathematics;
•    Taking measures to safeguard the general and occupational safety, health and welfare of people;
•    Ensuring that solutions are economic, sustainable and protect the environment;
•    Using judgement, guided by engineering knowledge, in decision making; and
•    Effective employment of people, work processes and resources; while, at all times, the Professional;
•    Adheres to the code of ethics, and
•    Takes responsibility for the results of the work.
 
Management of projects is a fundamental aspect of all engineering work and is employed by engineering personnel of all disciplines in the performance of their daily tasks.
 
The practice of Engineering thus means the performance of one or more of the engineering activities requiring at least the level of competency defined for Stage 2 categories.

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